How to Use OADM in WDM Network ?

OADM is a cost-effective and easy to use passive fiber optic component, which can provide easy to build and grow connectivity environment for WDM network.Optical add-drop multiplexer is one of the key devices to implement such optical signal processing. Use of OADM makes it possible to freely add or drop signals with arbitrary wavelengths over multiplexed optical signals by assigning a wavelength to each destination.this article ,Let us introduce how to use OADM in WDM Network?

Inside an OADM

A traditional OADM consists of three parts: an optical demultiplexer, an optical multiplexer and between them a method of reconfiguring the paths between the optical demultiplexer, the optical multiplexer and a set of ports for adding and dropping signals. The multiplexer is used to couple two or more wavelengths into the same fiber. Then the reconfiguration can be achieved by a fiber patch panel or by optical switches which direct the wavelengths to the optical multiplexer or to drop ports. The demultiplexer undoes what the multiplexer has done. It separates a multiplicity of wavelengths in a fiber and directs them to many fibers.

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Main Function and Principle of OADM

For an OADM, “Add” refers to the capability of the device to add one or more new wavelength channels to an existing multi-wavelength WDM signal while “drop” refers to drop or remove one or more channels, passing those signals to another network path. The OADM selectively removes (drops) a wavelength from a multiplicity of wavelengths in a fiber, and thus from traffic on the particular channel. It then adds in the same direction of data flow the same wavelength, but with different data content. The main function of OADM function is shown in the following picture. This function is especially used in WDM ring systems as well as in long-haul with drop-add features.

How to Connect OADM With WDM MUX/DEMUX

In most cases, OADM is deployed with CWDM or DWDM MUX/DEMUX. It is usually installed in a fiber optic link between two WDM MUX/DEMUXs. The following picture shows a CWDM network using a 1-channel dual fiber OADM between two CWDM MUX/DEMUXs. Signals over 1470 nm are required to be added to and dropped from the dual fiber link. On the OADM, there are usually one port for input and one port for output. The OADM can be regarded as a length of fiber cable in the fiber link. The point is the one or more strand of signals is added or dropped when the light goes through the OADM.

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Summary

OADM is still evolving, and although these components are relatively small, they are immeasurable in the future.Optical Add-Drop Multiplexer (OADM) is used for multiplexing and routing different channels of fiber into or out of a single fiber. The CWDM OADM is designed to optically add/drop one or multiple CWDM channels into one or two fibers. Fiber-Mart provides a series of OADM modules which can be Customized. For more information, welcome to visit www.fiber-mart.com or contact me by e-mail: service@fiber-mart.com

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Understanding CWDM DWDM MUX/DEMUX

In the communications market,  Wavelength Division Multiplexing (WDM) is a technology which multiplexes a number of optical carrier signals onto a single optical fiber by using different wavelengths (i.e., colors) of laser light. This technique enables bidirectional communications over one strand of fiber, as well as multiplication of capacity.

The WDM is divided into three types (WDM, CWDM and DWDM) on the basis of wavelength difference among the three.

CWDM Mux/Demux

Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing (CWDM) networks need multiplexer/demultiplexer (MUX/DEMUX) modules to combine and split wavelength channels at standard ITU grid. These modules are generally called CWDM MUX/DEMUX.

The CWDM Mux/Demux is a universal device capable of combining nine optical signals into a fiber pair. It is designed to support a broad range of architectures, ranging from scalable point-to-point links to two fiber-protected rings. The market-standard LGX™ packaging of the CWDM Mux/Demux enables easy deployment in existing LGX-compatible frames or WaveReady 3500F shelves.

The CWDM Mux/Demux is designed to interoperate with both the WaveReady line of transponder and optical regenerator solutions as well as CWDM transponders and small form-factor pluggables (SFPs) used in widely available transmission equipment. With billions of field operating hours, the industry leading Lumentum optical multiplexing technology offers unparalleled reliability and leading-edge performance.

CWDM Mux/Demux is a flexible network solution for WDM optical networks. At most 18 full-duplex wavelengths can be added over a single fiber trunk which greatly alleviates fiber exhaustion. With low insertion loss and high stability, CWDM Mux/Demux is applied to many operations, such as CATV links, WDM systems, test and measurement, metro and access networks, FTTH networks, etc. The deployment of CWDM Mux/Demux is transparent and clear. Its compact form factor enables a much easier manipulation. Only coarse wavelengths can be transmitted over the fiber which reduces the WDM system cost.

Three kinds of CWDM Mux/Demux are widely used in the application. They are 1RU 19″ rack chassis CWDM Mux/Demux, half 19″/1RU CWDM Mux/Demux and splice/pigtailed CWDM Mux/Demux. CWDM Mux/Demux in 19 inch rack mount package is often used for CWDM, EPON and CATV network. Half 19″/1RU CWDM Mux/Demux is packed in LGX box using thing film coating and non-flux metal bonding micro optics packaging. Splice/pigtailed CWDM Mux/Demux is packed in the ABS box package based on standard thin film filter (TFF) technology.

DWDM Mux/Demux

Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing (DWDM) networks need multiplexer/demultiplexer (MUX/DEMUX) modules to combine and split wavelength channels at standard ITU grid. These modules are generally called DWDM MUX/DEMUX.

DWDM Mux/Demux conveys optical signals in a more dense wavelength. It is especially used for long distance transmission where wavelengths are highly-packed together. The maximum delivered wavelengths can reach up to 48 channels in 100GHz grid (0.8nm) and 96 channels in 50GHz grid (0.4nm). DWDM Mux/Demux uses a reliable passive WDM technology that achieves low insertion loss. And it provides a solution for adding WDM technology to any existing network device. Applications like point-to-point DWDM fiber optimization, linear add/drop DWDM fiber optimization, external optical monitoring are typically using DWDM Mux/Demux module.

The functionality of DWDM (Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing) resembles to the one of CWDM. The DWDM channel spacing is 0.8/0.4 nm (100 GHz/50 GHz grid). This small channel spacing allows to transmit simultaneously more information. Currently a restriction on wavelengths between 1530 nm and 1625 nm exists which corresponds to the C and L band. DWDM wavelengths are more expensive compared to CWDM caused by the need of more sophisticated transceivers.

Likewise, 1RU 19″ rack chassis DWDM Mux/Demux, Half 19″/1RU DWDM Mux/Demux and splice/pigtailed DWDM Mux/Demux are three divisions of DWDM Mux/Demux modules. The first type is in 19 inch rack mount package used for long-haul transmission over C-band range of wavelengths. The second one is in LGX package used for PDH, SDH/SONET, Ethernet services transmission. The last one is in ABS box package and its pigtails are labeled with wavelengths.

Comparison Between CWDM and DWDM System

The difference between CWDM and DWDM lies in the channel spacing between neighbored wavelengths, for CWDM 20 nm and for DWDM 0.8/0.4 nm (using 100 GHz/50 GHz grid). this advantage for an efficient CWDM/DWDMintegration. Thereby up to sixteen DWDM channels are transmitted simultaneously in only one CWDM channel (1530 nm and 1550 nm). Thus an easy-to-realize channel extension can be achieved under continued use of existing CWDM components.

Price differenceCWDM system carries less data, but the cabling used to run is less expensive and less complex. A DWDM system has much denser cabling and can carry a significantly larger amount of data, but it can be cost prohibitive, especially where there is a need for a large amount of cabling in an application.

Transmission distanceDWDM system is designed for longer distance transmission as stated above. They can transmit more data over a significantly larger run of cable with less interference than a comparable CWDM system. If there is a need for transmitting the data over a long range, DWDM system will likely be the best in terms of functionality of the data transmittal and the lessened interference over the longer distances that the wavelengths must travel.

CWDM system cannot transmit over long distances because the wavelengths are not amplified, and therefore CWDM is limited in its functionality over longer distances. Typically, CWDM can travel anywhere up to about 100 miles (160 km), while an amplified DWDM system can go much further as the signal strength is boosted periodically throughout the run. As a result of the additional cost required to provide signal amplification, the CWDM solution is best for short runs that do not have mission critical data.

To sum up, before buying We should first understand the differences between them,Fiber-Mart provides a series of CWDM DWDM MUX/DEMUX modules with as more as 18 channels (20nm spaced) in simplex or duplex configurations. All the CWDM  DWDM modules are available with three types of packaging: ABS Pigtailed Box, Rack Chassis and LGX Cassette. For more details, please visit www.fiber-mart.com. Please not hesitate to contact us for any question. E-mail: service@fiber-mart.com