SFP Transceiver Signals and Types

The SFP transceiver holds a Printed track Board that partners with the SFP electronic connector in the service configuration.
A “base transceiver station” (BTS) is a bit of outfits that eases wireless information exchange amid exploiter out fits (UE) and a network. UEs are implements like protable telephones (handsets), Wireless native loop telephones, computers with wireless Internet connectivity.
The network may be that of whatever of the wireless information exchange applications of tools and methods like GSM, CDMA, wireless native circle, WIFI, WiMAX either different ample zone network (WAN) technics.
BTS is as well referenced to like the broadcast center facility (RBS), point B(in 3G Networks) either, plainly, the center facility (BS). For conversation of the 3GPP Long TERM Evolution normal the shortening EnodeB for developed point B is extensively applied.
Though the expression BTS may be appropriate to whatever of the wireless information exchange norms, it is normally related with portable information exchange applications of tools and methods like GSM and CDMA. In this heed, a BTS forms piece of the center facility self-contained system within larger system (BSS) elaborations for configuration administration. It might as well have outfits for encrypting and decrypting information exchanges, range filtrating implements (band go filters), etcetera. Antenas might as well be deemed like parts of BTS in common feel as they some dissimilar turnaround and dissimilar areas of the cell (in the situation of sectorised center stations). A BTS is managed by a progenitor center facility regulator by way of the center facility command purpose (BCF). The BCF is executed like a separate component either even integrated in a TRX in firm center stations. The BCF delivers a transactions and upkeep (OM) link to the network administration configuration (NMS), and organizes operative states of every one TRX, as well like code managing and alert gathering. The fundamental construction and purposes of the BTS stays the similar notwithstanding of the wireless technologies.
RF module – Transceiver modules
An RF Transceiver component includes either a sender and recipient. The track is characteristically developed aimed at Half-duplex working, though Full twofold components are accessible, characteristically at a developed outlay expected to the appended difficulty.
Small form-factor pluggable transceiver – Types
SFP transmitters and receivers are accessible with a diversity of sender recipient kinds, permitting consumers to choose the suitable transceiver for every one link to supply the needed ocular get to over the accessible ocular fiber sort (e.g. Multi-mode fiber either single-mode fiber). Optical SFP components are normally accessible in some dissimilar categories:
For multi-mode fiber, with black either ecru removal lever
SX – 850nm, for a greatest of 550m at 1.25Gbit/s (Gigabit Ethernet) either 150m at 4.25Gbit/s (Fibre Channel). Related product: 1000BASE SX SFP.
1000BASE-SX SFP
For single-mode fiber, with azure removal lever
LX – 1310nm, for spaces up to 10km (e.g. Cisco GLC-LX-SM-RGD).
EX – 1310nm, for spaces up to 40km.
ZX – 1550nm, for spaces up to 80km.
EZX – 1550nm, for spaces up to 120km.
BX – 1490nm/1310nm, Single Fiber Bi-Directional Gigabit SFP Transceivers, matched as “BS-U” and “BS-D” for Uplink and Downlink correspondingly, as well for spaces up to 10km. Variations of bidirectional SFPs are as well produced that employ 1550nm in one management.
1550nm 40km (XD), 80km (ZX), 120km (EX either EZX)
SFSW – Single Fiber Single Wavelength transmitters and receivers, for bi-directional SFPs are a sole fiber. Coupled with CWDM, those duple the flow thickness of fiber ties.
CWDM and DWDM transmitters and receivers at different wavelengths attaining different greatest distances.
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Should We Use Third-Party Compatible SFP Transceiver?

Many customers tend to use third-party compatible Cisco SFP transceivers to save costs on these expensive modules. But there maybe a problem that the Cisco’s new line switches do not support third-party SFPs. When inserting an SFP transceiver into Cisco switches to connect network backbone, you will find it doesn’t match an official Cisco product. Then you will stumble across the following error:
%PHY-4-UNSUPPORTED_TRANSCEIVER: Unsupported transceiver found in Gi1/0/0
%GBIC_SECURITY_CRYPT-4-VN_DATA_CRC_ERROR: GBIC in port 65538 has bad crc
The Catalyst switch disables the GBIC port. That’s because Cisco Catalyst switches are configured by default not to work with non -Cisco SFPs. When a third-party SFP inserted into the port, the switch immediately recognize it doesn’t match. And it will throw the above error message and disables the port.
Except the error, Cisco tends to be very strict about the warranty requirements for the third-party components including SFP transceivers. The details are as following: When Cisco determines that a fault or defect can be traced to the use of third-party transceivers installed by a customer or reseller, then, at Cisco’s discretion, Cisco may withhold support under warranty or a Cisco support program. In the course of providing support for a Cisco networking product Cisco may require that the end user install Cisco transceivers if Cisco determines that removing third-party parts will assist Cisco in diagnosing the cause of a support issue.
That means if you use a third-party transceiver and it causes actual damage. Cisco may refuse warranty support. If the transceiver is merely suspected of being at fault, they may refuse support until you install a supported Cisco-branded transceiver.
Now you may ask “Are the third-party compatible transceivers safe?”. The answer is yes. Most third-party transceivers are made and assembled in exactly the same plants assembling officially-branded transceivers. In a matter of speaking, an official Cisco transceiver and a third-party transceiver are the same, aside from the branding. In fact, the transceivers don’t have any real way of failing that would also damage a switch. So there is no problem to use third-party compatible transceiver.
Compatible SFP transceiver modules offered by fiber-mart.com are third-party and fully compatible with major brands (Cisco, HP, NETGEAR, Finisar, Juniper, etc.) and backed by a Lifetime Warranty. fiber-mart.com have a large selection of compatible SFP modules in stock and can ship within 24 hours.

 

How to Install and Remove a SFP Transceiver?

SFP is short for small form-factor pluggable. It’s a compact, hot-pluggable transceiver used for telecommunication and data communications. The form factor and electrical interface are specified by a multi-source agreement (MSA). It interfaces a network device motherboard (for a switch, router, media converter or similar device) to a fiber optic or copper networking cable. SFP transceivers can support SONET, Gigabit Ethernet, Fibre Channel, and other communications standards. SFP transceivers are upgraded from the traditional version with more flexibility but a smaller size.
Sometimes you may encounter the affairs like the installation and removing of a SFP transceiver. The following will tell you how to install and remove a SFP transceiver.
Install a SFP Transceiver
The following steps tell how to install a SFP transceiver:
Attach an ESD-preventive wrist strap to your wrist and to the ESD ground connector or a bare metal surface on your chassis. SFP modules are static sensitive. Wear an ESD-preventive wrist strap so that it can prevent ESD damage.
Remove the dust cap and save for future use.
Ensure the SFP transceiver in the correct orientation for your device.
Insert the SFP module into the socket. Be sure that the SFP module is in the right position before inserting.
Observe the LED. If the LED turns green, it means the transceiver and the device establishes link successfully. While if the LED is off, there may be an installing problem with the adapter.
Remove a SFP Transceiver
To remove a SFP transceiver (see the picture), the following procedures you should bear in mind:
Attach an ESD-preventive wrist strap to your wrist and to a bare metal surface on the chassis.
Disconnect the network cable from the SFP transceiver.
Remove the SFP transceiver carefully from the module slot.
Place the removed the SFP module in a static shielding bag.
The above is about how the installation and removing of a SFP transceiver. One of the most famous brands Cisco SFP transceiver, which offers a convenient and cost effective solution in the adoptions of data center, campuses, metropolitan area, ring networks and storage networks is also suitable to these steps in applications.
At last, SFP transceivers are dust sensitive. So store the devices with plugs to avoid getting dust into the installed optical bores. And clean the optic surfaces of the fiber optical cables before the insertion. But you should better not insert or remove a SFP module until it’s necessary. Because it’s not good for keeping the useful life with repeated removals or insertions of a SFP transceiver.

What Does DOM Mean for a SFP Transceiver?

If you take a look at the description of a SFP transceiver module, you will see the “DOM support” appeared in the product details. What does it mean? In fact, DOM or Digital Optical Monitoring as the words implies, is used for monitoring some parameters of the transceiver, which can help to identify the location of the fiber link failure, simplify maintenance, improve system reliability. Obviously a SFP with DOM function is high-ender than one without it. This is why most of modern optical SFP transceivers support DOM functions. To have a further understanding of DOM, some detailed information will be introduced in the following passage.
What Is DOM Support?
As noted before, DOM is a feature allowing users to monitor parameters of the transceiver module in real-time, such as temperature, supply voltage, laser bias current as well as transmit and receive optical power. Measurement of these parameters can help network administrators to check and ensure that the module is functioning correctly. Nowadays SFP transceivers are using DOM to perform transceiver monitoring and troubleshooting operation. For example, the DOM function that Cisco GLC-SX-MMD transceiver support can assist network designers in detecting and digitizing parameter signals on circuit board in the inside of this Cisco SFP module. But how to generate DOM function for your optical transceiver?
How to Use DOM
In order to be able to take advantage of DOM capability, both the device and the platform must support the feature. When the transceiver module is DOM-enabled, a minimum software version may be required to support the feature in each platform. And there are five steps you should follow when conducting the DOM function in a SFP module.:
1. Enable example: Router> enable (Enables the privileged EXEC mode. Enter your password if prompted.)
2. Configure terminal example: Router#configure terminal (Enters the global configuration mode.)
3. Transceiver type all example: Router (config) #transceiver type all (Enters the transceiver type configuration mode.)
4. Monitoring example: Router (config-xcvr-type) #monitoring (Enables monitoring of all optical transceivers.)
5. Monitoring interval example: Router (config-xcvr-type) #monitoring interval 500 ((Optional) Specifies the time interval for monitoring optical transceivers. Valid range is 300 to 3600 seconds, and the default value is 600 seconds.)
To sum up, these three commands can used to turn on/off DOM for all transceivers type in the system:
Router (config) #transceiver type all
Router (config-xcvr-type) #monitoring
Router (config-xcvr-type) #end
Once enabled, DOM can be accessed via CLI using “show interface transceiver command”. Off all the five values, two mostly used and relevant values are TX and RX power, temperature is also used sometimes. The operating range of these three values is unique across all modules and is available in the data sheet.
Additional Information
DDM and RGD are another two common abbreviations appeared in transceiver modules’ product specifications. So, what does they refer to?
DDM, short for Digital Diagnostics Monitoring, is a technology used in SFP transceivers in order to give the end user the ability to monitor real-time parameters of the SFPs. Such parameters include optical output power, optical input power, temperature, laser bias current, and transceiver supply voltage etc.
What Is a ‘Rugged’ (RGD) Transceiver Module?
These are enhanced transceiver modules which have been designed for greater durability, and can operate under more extreme conditions. Rugged transceivers may feature enhanced ESD protection, and extended operating temperature range. Rugged transceiver modules often have “-RGD” in their product number to assist in their identification.
Conclusion
After going through this passage, you may have a better understanding of DOM. Before purchasing the SFP transceiver, you should read all the product details carefully because not all the transceivers can support DOM like GLC-LH-SM. Find a reliable vendor will avoid those problems. Fiberstore, as a professional telecommunication manufacturer, is aimed at providing first-class online service and high-quality products to all customers. Our SFP modules are fully compatible with Cisco, Huawei, ZTE, HP, Jumper and other brands. If you have any requirement about our products, please contact us directly.

The Solution to SFP Transceiver Module Connections

by http://www.fiber-mart.com

Recently I met a trouble that when I want interconnect WS c2960 24 TC L + 2 SFP with 1000base LH GLC LH SMD or GLC LH SM to WS C3750G 12S + 12 SFP ports, and I do not know which model of GLC LH SMD or GLC LH SM want to select, and I am going to use single mode fiber optic cable 1310m 9/125. If I need single mode SMD (2 fiber counts) or single fiber. I just want to find out WS C3750G12S + 12 SFP ports that 12 SFP ports are SM or SMD use LC connector. The solution to SFP transceiver module connections will be provided in this article.
In fact, I received several answers, someone says, the price between the 2 usually the same but GLC LH SMD SFP transceiver module supports additional option of DOM (digital optical monitoring). So he uses GLC LH SMD, as for which fiber cable, just use the single fiber cable, but I think so I use SMD how can I use single fiber cable, this is one way direction and i think i should use single mode duplex (2 fiber count). And can connect single mode duplex (2 fiber count) fiber cable to WS C3750G 12S.
Then someone from fiber-mart.com answered me that both the GLC LH SM and GLC LH SMD SFP transceiver module supports the IEEE 802.3 1000Base LX/LH standard and be good for compatible with each other. The difference between the two is the case that the GLC-LH-SMD transceiver has additional support for Digital Optical Monitoring capability. As for the second question, 1000base fx sfp, 1000base sx sfp, 1000base lx lh sfp, 1000base zx sfp, 1000base bx10 sfp, DWDM and CWDM SFP transceiver module: LC fiber connectors (single-mode or multimode fiber); 10GBASE-SR, LR, LRM, CX1 (v02 or higher) SFP+ Transceivers: LC fiber connectors (single-mode or multimode fiber).
Then if you have such similar problems, hope it can help you, and there I have a small tips for us, if you want to know where to get sfp transceiver and reach these effects, fiber-mart.com is a good place to get them, I found it do a professional site, and the price also reasonable, It is worth mentioning that fiber-mart.com is doing a big sales.

How to Choose Switches and Patch Cables for SFP Transceiver?

by http://www.fiber-mart.com

Gigabit Ethernet has supplanted Fast Ethernet in wired local networks and becomes ubiquitous throughout the world, serving as one of the most prevalent enterprise communication standard. The Gigabit Ethernet standard supports a maximum data rate of 1 gigabit per second (Gbps)(1000 Mbps), 10 times faster than Fast Ethernet, yet is compatible with existing Ethernet. To link your switches and routers to a Gigabit Ethernet network, you need a Gigabit Ethernet transceiver as a transmission medium. This article intends to introduce the most commonly used one—SFP transceivers.
What Is SFP Transceiver?
SFP, short for small form-factor pluggable is a compact, hot-pluggable transceiver used for both telecommunication and data communications applications. SFP transceiver can be regarded as the upgrade version of GBIC module. Unlike GBIC with SC fiber optic interface, SFP module is with LC interface and the main body size of SFP is only about half of GBIC so that it can save more space. SFP interfaces a network device mother board (for a router, switch, media converter or similar devices) to a fiber optic or copper networking cable. It is designed to support SONET, Gigabit Ethernet, Fibre Channel, and other communications standards.
1.25Gbps 1310nmTX/1550nmRX BiDi SFP 10km Transceiver
Types & Applications of SFP transceivers
SFP transceivers are available with various transmitter and receiver types, which facilitates users to select the appropriate optical transceiver for different optical reach and optical fiber type (single-mode fiber or multimode fiber) required by different link. SFP transceiver modules can be divided into several different categories.
SFP transceivers are found in Ethernet switches, routers, firewalls and network interface cards. Storage interface cards, also called HBAs or Fibre Channel storage switches, also make use of these modules. Because of their low cost, low profile, and ability to provide a connection to different types of optical fiber, SFP transceiver provides such equipment with enhanced flexibility.
fiber-mart.COM offers a full range of SFP transceivers compatible with major brands, such as Cisco, Juniper, Arista, Brocade, HPE, etc. All of these cost-effective compatible SFPs have been strictly tested to make sure 100% compatibility. The table below listed a small part of compatible SFPs supported on major branded switches.
fiber-mart.COM offers comprehensive fiber patch cables for common and special types of SFPs, including singlemode & multimode, simplex & duplex, UPC & APC, lengths from 1 meter to 30 meters in large stocks. We also provides Cat 5e patch cables for 10/100/1000BASE-T SFPs.
Summary
This article offers switch and fiber patch cabling solution for SFP transceivers. Besides the major brands mentioned above, we also provide SFP transceivers compatible with other brands, such as Dell, Extreme, H3C, Huawei, Intel, IBM, Netgear, Ciena, D-Link, Avago, and so on. As to special requirements, please contact Sales@fiber-mart.com for suggestion.

Passive CWDM VS DWDM – Which to choose?

With current industry advancements trend that has equalized costs of transceivers, in technical battle of CWDM vs DWDM more advancements are in DWDM.

 

Lets compare passive CWDM vs DWDM from pure technical application viewpoint:

 

CWDM vs DWDM – Channel Uniformity:

As CWDM spectrum for 18 channels spans from 1260nm up to 1620nm compared to DWDM C-band 1530 – 1565 nm, CWDM has weakness from channel uniformity aspect. Attenuation in wide spectrum is different based on wavelength – for example, typical attenuation of G.652.C optical fiber is 0.38 dB/km at 1310nm wavelength and 0.22 dB/km at 1550nm. So in CWDM system You can get quite great disparity of channel optical performance using different CWDM wavelength. Uniformity of optical channels across whole 1260-1620nm spectrum depends on fiber cable specification. – we suggest checking carefully if You plan using passive CWDM. Especially it is very important for old G.652 specification fiber – it has so called “water-peak” phenomena in range of 1390 and 1490 nm that are not usable for CWDM connections at all. DWDM is clear winner here – due it’s narrow spectrum channel properties on same fiber will be almost identical.

 

CWDM vs DWDM – Capacity:

It’s clear winner here – while maximum capacity of CWDM system is 18 wavelengths all spectrum, DWDM using traditional C-Band 1530 – 1565 nm allow to have 45 100GHz spaced DWDM channels, but with introduction of 50 GHz spaced transceivers we can double number of channels up to 90. In future, we can expect to have 25 GHz and even 12.5 GHz frequency offset even multiplying number of possible channels to 180 or 360. If that is not enough – there is S-band (1460-1530 nm) and L-band (1565-1625 nm) which can be used with DWDM as well, just is not mainstream yet.

 

CWDM vs DWDM – Distance:

Maximum distance of xWDM connection depends on two main factors – maximum budget of optical transceivers and attenuation of all passive elements – fiber itself, number of joints and splices, attenuation of passive filters (Chromatic dispersion as well, but we don’t consider it much a factor up to 80km). If looking on 10G connection data rate, with both, CWDM and DWDM, passive technologies You can have up to 23 dB guaranteed budget using popular SFP+ transceivers (With XFP You can have 26dB budget), what is enough to have 80km WDM link with both technologies. But big advantage of DWDM is, that due it’s narrow spectral width it’s possible to use cost efficient and widely available EDFA (Erbium Doped Fiber Amplifier) boosters, which is one very cost efficient way allowing extension of DWDM reach.

 

CWDM vs DWDM – Spare Parts:

Even optical transceivers are mature elements and failure-rates are very uncommon, introducing WDM technology You would like to have backup stock of all active elements. If You are planning to have just small scale deployment and connect just two or few network nodes, it could mean that You basically need to back up everything – resulting on doubling up of your investment. DWDM is a winner here as well, due availability of Tunable DWDM transceivers, with can replace all Your different wavelength DWDM transceivers with one or two units.

 

Conclusion

CWDM still has price advantages for connection rates below 10G and for short distances with low data rates it’s currently most feasible technology. For more information,welcome to visit www.fiber-mart.com, pls feel free to contact me at service@fiber-mart.com