BOON OF USING FIBER OPTIC CABLES OVER COPPER CABLES

by http://www.fiber-mart.com

Everyone knows that approx.. an year ago we use copper cables while using the internet connection of any brand. The service providers come up with copper cable to install the internet connection and provide the required service to them. But at present time, fiber optic cable is in demand. The users are quite happy with its performance as it rarely gets out of connection. On the other hand, it also gives a good speed to the user in comparison to the copper cables. Let’s discuss some other best advantages of fiber optic cable over the copper cables.
Greater BandwidthThe
copper cable has the capacity to handle greater bandwidth as originally it was designed for voice transmission and have a limited bandwidth. So, now it is used as a greater bandwidth device. It carries more data than copper cables at the same diameter. Within the fiber cable group, only single mode fiber can delivers up to twice the multimode fiber. So, users are fine with what they are availing.
Faster SpeedsThe
fiber cables carry light to transmit data. This enables the cable to carry diverse signals at speeds that are slower than the speed of light which is faster than cat5 and cat6 copper cables. Therefore the speed this cable is higher than the copper cable.
Longer Distances
When it comes to long distance, this cable never disappoints as cables generally works on the basis of wavelength, network, distance and it performs well in each of these areas. It carries signals much faster than the traditional foot limitations upto 328ft. It carries data upto 25 miles.
Better ReliabilityBe
it any weather, fiber cable is immune to temperature changes. Weather doesn’t hamper the connectivity of this cable as like other traditional cables. And it does not even carry electric current so user must be stressed free with electromagnetic interference (EMI) that can interrupt data transmission.
Thinner and Sturdier
In comparison to any other cable, this cable is thinner, sturdier and light in weight. It is less prone to damage and breakage.
More Flexibility for the Future
According to the demand and usage, the media converters enable the user to incorporate fiber into existing networks. The converters enhance the Ethernet connection over fiber optic by extending the UTP. Modern panels are designed to meet the current needs and provide the flexibility for future needs. The panels are comprises of variety of cassettes for different types of fiber patch cables.
Low Cost
If the user gets its ownership, then he or she will realize that in initial days the rate of fiber optic cable is a bit expensive, but its reliability, durability and speed makes it worth it. And after some days of use, it automatically becomes affordable as there are a number of packages are given to the user to choose the most affordable one.
Each of these advantages of fiber optic cable makes it best among all other traditional internet connections.

Different Types of Cable Jacketing

In the fiber industry, we have all probably seen the words plenum or riser in our day, as these are two of the most common jacket types in the United States. In Europe we are seeing more Low Smoke Zero Halogen cables being utilized. But there are other options out there in the fiber optic world that are lesser known and talked about, they are the likes of Low Smoke Zero Halogen (LSZH), and Polyethylene (PE).
When looking at the construction of any fiber optic cable, you will notice that the jacket is the first line of defense against physical damage from chemicals, water, burning and other potentially damaging effects that would compromise the viability of the cable. Cable jackets come in multiple colors, but there are industry standard color codes such as aqua for OM3 or yellow for single mode, but in some cases there are custom colored jackets. You will also see foot markers on the outer jacket, showing you length of the cable, and even a print string showing the type of fiber, brand of cable, and type of cable construction. The print string will also contain information as to whether or not the cable is UL listed, and if it is, it will contain the UL number. Most cable jacket material is made from PVC or Polyvinyl Chloride, and there are additives that determine its jacket rating.
Plenum and riser ratings are defined by the National Electrical Code (NEC). They are also responsible for the standards that these cables must abide by in order to be classified as plenum or riser cabling. This standard basically states that if a fire were to start within a structure, how much would these compounds contribute to the fire, and create a “fuel” source – transporting the fire from place to place along the cable.
Most fiber optic cables that adhere to these fire standards are Underwriter Laboratories (UL) tested, meaning that they bear the UL marker on the cable jacket and have been certified to meet the NEC Standard for the cable jacket type. These UL Listings are independently tested, and qualified to ensure that the safety measures are upheld. They (UL) have no monetary stake in the items that they test, and consumers can be assured that this UL listing means that the safety standards are upheld. These listings are given and can be taken away at any point if the quality of the product does not continue to meet that UL standard.
The real question that most technicians ask in the field is where to use what type of jacket. Below we will go into a breakdown of the cable jacket types and where they can be utilized within a building or structure.
Plenum Cable
Plenum has the highest fire rating, meaning that it can be installed in all of the plenum spaces within a building such as the air ducts and ventilation systems – any part of the building that has to do with heating or cooling. Plenum can sometimes be utilized in any space within a building as an alternative to other jacket types. Plenum cables are less hazardous and create less smoke and toxic fumes in the case of fire. If a job requires plenum cable then plenum cable must be installed, there are no alternatives for this type of cable install. Plenum cables for the above reasons are usually slightly more expensive than the other cable jackets.
Riser Cable
Riser cabling is only to be used within riser spaces in a building – such as between building shafts, for vertical runs. It is meant to be a backbone cable, the fire ratings that fit a riser rating are not as strict as plenum. You can utilize a plenum cable within a riser space, but you cannot utilize a riser cable in a plenum space. Such as in the case of a ventilation shaft – you could not install a riser cable because this is a plenum air space, but you can install riser say in an elevator shaft between the floors of a building. Typically, riser cables are less expensive than plenum because the standards are less stringent.
Low Smoke Zero Halogen (LSZH) Cable
Low Smoke Zero Halogen cable jacketing or LSZH is a separate classification from riser or plenum cables because it does not contain the same compounds or thermoplastics that produce smoke and other hazardous chemicals that could be harmful to humans and animals that may be in the vicinity of the cable, if it ever should burn. To be considered low smoke zero halogen cable, it must be made of flame retardant materials that do not excrete halogens, and produces little to no smoke when it burns. LSZH is not the same as a plenum cable – they are two different fire ratings. While it may seem beneficial to use LSZH within every space in a building, this type of cable does not fit the bill for every single application. Since this product is far more expensive than other compounds, it does not make sense to install this in areas that do not require a less hazardous, or low smoke material. LSZH is highly recommended for areas that have poor ventilation, where people tend to congregate or in a confined space. LSZH is primarily utilized in Europe currently but, this type of cable is gaining traction within the US markets. .
PE Cable
PE (polyethylene) rated cable is primarily used for outdoor cables only; this is not a cable that can be installed more than fifty feet inside of a building. PE cable jacket’s superior weather, temperature and water or moisture resistance makes this a great pick for harsh weather conditions and installations, but its rigid characteristics make it difficult to utilize in environments that require flexibility or movement of the cable. It also boasts superior UV protection because its black color absorbs the sunlight, which is a typical characteristic for outdoor rated cabling.
While there are more cable ratings and classifications than these shown above, these are the most common types that your average technician will run into on the job more. Familiarity with the cable jacket types is never a bad thing to have in a technician’s pocket. Knowing and being able to define what makes a plenum cable plenum or riser cable riser is superior knowledge that will benefit the technician on future jobs. .

Understanding Signal Transmission in Fiber Optic Cables

The primary function of fiber optic cables is to send signals across long distances. The transmission of these signals takes place in the form of light. This answers for the speed of broadcast and its zero interference with other electronic devices around.
How Does It Actually Work?
Each of the cables constitutes thin strands of glass, which we often hear of as ‘fiber optics.’ These pieces of glass form the core of these cables and facilitate the major task of sending data, assisted by Fiber Optic Patch Cords. But doesn’t light travel in waves, spreading straight from its point of diffraction?
Yes, absolutely. Then how do light bend around corners while running through the length of the fiber optic cable? Let’s try to unravel the science that goes behind it.
How Light Bends Through Fiber Optic Cables?
The Mirror Effect
When you show a flashlight beam across a hallway, you will see the length of the light extending till the next bend but won’t be able to see anything further. But placing a mirror on the corner does the trick. You can now see the light bending further. This is because the mirror reflects the light. That’s exactly how the fiber optic cables basically work.
Internal Reflection
The reflection on which these cables operate is often termed as ‘total internal reflection’. That’s because when you send the light signal, the light remains within the cable and reflects internally. This also ensures the data isn’t lost during the transmission.
But the signals sent through fiber optic cables eventually degrade. That’s because of the decay of the signal either due to the wavelength or the affected purity of the optic glass.
Why So?
The wavelengths that fiber optic cables utilize to send over information are much longer than the light visible to use. We call these invisible ranges of long light ‘infrared’. These infrared waves are when passed through the fiber optic cables weakens the transmission of data either by absorption and scattering.
So, basically, the length of the waves reduces the accentuation of the fiber optic cable. And if we use longer waves with lower frequencies, it would result in heat interference. The temperature of surrounding objects will thus be affected resulting in signal loss.
How To Ensure Maximum Utilization?
Though fiber optic cables do eventually degrade, getting good quality cables and accessories can increase its life significantly. For optimum functioning, consider buying quality cables. The wavelength of a typical good quality fiber optic cable varies from 850 to 1550 nanometers.
The accessories are equally important. The fiber optic patch cords that connect the devices through which the information transmits should also be of best quality. Often the patch cords decay and are assumed as cable decay, resulting in increased cost investment. Therefore, it’s always a great idea to get your electronics supply only from branded and reliable manufacturers. It’s not only important for the longevity of the supplies but is also imperative from the point of view of safety.

Fiber Optic Cables and Their Multiple Benefits!

Streaming through the Facebook timeline relentlessly, chatting away with customer care executives and processing important information. When you indulge into these activities, do you ponder over questions like, “What powers the internet?” and “What enables you to interact with call center executives in a glitch free way?”
Once you start pondering over these questions, you think of a network. The one that enables you to conduct these activities seamlessly. And what powers this network? Fiber Optic Cables – the thin strands made from molten silica glass. They process the information, convert it into light and transmits the data for you.
Through today’s blog, we will acquaint you with the multiple ways in which Fiber Optic Cables benefit you. So, let us plunge in:
Excellent Internet Connection
When we talk about internet connection, the first thing that comes to our mind is; huge amount of data exchange. During the initial days of advent of internet, you might have experienced low speeds and hours of anticipation while internet transmits the data. But after the advent of Fiber Optic Cables, the speed of data transmission reduced drastically. These network cables transmit data without hindrance and enable you to stream internet smoothly.
Despite of these cables, the speed of download totally depends on the type of connection you have. However, fiber is faster than other average broadbands in the USA. And of course, more reliable, and less patchy than WIFI.
Customer Service Support
“Hello! How may I help you?” When your customer care executives ask this question, you want your customers to hear it right. Trailed off voices and breaks in conversations can bring business losses. Thanks to Optic Cables, you can offer your customers with an uninterrupted customer care service. Huge network of huge cables crisscrosses the globe and provides telecommunication services. It offers voice, video, and data communications to meet the requirements of call center owners.
To get a good quality network, you need to find the right fiber optic system for your application. The professionals also provide field inspection and installation services and have a detailed knowledge about fiber cables. Once installed and set, you can offer glitch free services to your customers.
Military And Data Tranfiber-mart.comerred
The U.S. Military personnel of today undergoes a lot of challenges due to changes in operations. For enhancing safety and awareness, U.S military keeps upgrading its communication infrastructure. The communication systems established through optic cables create a dependable network between command control center and theater. By investing into fiber optic systems, they can avail a cost-effective network and get better bandwidth for real-time voice, video, and data applications. The best part? The military grade cables meet the military standards and work in the harsh environments.
Whether it is intelligence processing or aeronautical data, military personnel need a trustworthy security network. And due to optic cables, defense companies can tranfiber-mart.comorm data safely.
Fiber Optic Cables: Redefining The Future
With the above-mentioned advantages and many more, there is no denying that fiber optic technology is driving the future of digital communication. It tranfiber-mart.comorms data at the speed of light and give a flawless communication experience. Here are the ways in which they will redefine the future:
Fiber-To-Home Network
It is not surprising to find fiber-to-home networks installed in most of the commercial and residential premises. With home automation solutions and internet of things gaining popularity, the usage of fiber networks will increase. Google Fiber clocking offers speed the speed of 1,000 megabits/second which is way higher as compared to the major internet service providers like Verizon, Comcast Xfinity etc. Needless to say, a good quality cable network can only make this possible.
Multi-Terabyte Networks
Several researchers are looking forward to achieve a bandwidth of around 100Gb/s. As the costs of fiber optic cables have reduced, the chances of achieving higher bandwidths are higher. The intelligent optical network will be such that it will be able to cope with volatile bandwidth allocations. Soon, we’ll be thriving in the world of massive bandwidths!
Enhancement In Glass Fiber Designs
To change the transmitting capacity of optic cables, the electrical engineers add and remove impurities to the glass fiber. This enables them to control the speed of light that passes along the glass fiber. To obtain better glass fibers, the engineers will continue with the miniaturization of fiber optic cables. The enhancement in glass fiber designs will prove beneficial to us in multiple ways.
Adoption By Multiple Businesses
Several companies all over the world make use of fiber optics as it keeps their data safe and secure. It is impossible to hack these cables and tap into the line as you need to cut the cable to do so. And someone cuts the cable, it brings the whole system down. Also, when there are exclusive fiber connections, business owners do not share them with others. These benefits make them better, safer, and preferable as compared to copper cables. In the upcoming years, several companies will join the fiber optic bandwagon.
fiber-mart.com Cable offers a range of multimode and single mode duplex, fiber optic adaptors and connectors, attenuator, and MTP fiber patch cables. We also provide different types of USB cables, ethernet cables, adapters, power cords and PC accessories. You can check the range of products on our website and place an order. As ISO 9001-2000 registered manufacturers make our products, there is no compromise in the quality.
fiber-mart.com Cable is strives to implement the technology advances that can boost the quality of products. And to enable that, we always keep an eye on the latest developments in our field. Most of our products are RoHS compliant, eco-friendly, and come with a lifetime guarantee. If you are looking for cost-effective technology and equipment online, you can order from us.
We hope the above blog has given you much clarity about the working, utility, and benefits of fiber optic cables. What are the ways in which these cables have proved to be beneficial to you? Feel free to share with us.

Know What Makes Fiber Optic Cables Future Proof?

Internet connectivity over an optical cord has become a precious standard for fast and high-quality data transmission. This technology is relatively new. This new nature of it can leave some in a dilemma. Some would even be unwilling to invest in it. Some would still prefer go old school and use convention network cables.
Over the years, with the technical progress, even conventional cable has risen to new horizons. But, which technology is better? Both copper and glass or optical cords have their benefits. Both have unique features. If something is better for others does not necessarily make it better for you. So, the right question to ask is which means would suit your business?
Fiber Optics Cable
The conventional copper wires transmit data via electricity. Fiber wire relies on light. It does not transmit data through the flow of electrons. This enables much faster internet connection. In fact, it also enables handling of a higher bandwidth. Sometimes, even during the peak demand, the performance of fiber wire stands out.
The cost of optical deployment has seen a dramatic reduction recently. Moreover, the fiber optic cable is future proof. This gives it an edge over the use of copper cables. It surely has a better prospect in the world market. Let us compare fiber and copper on these five determinants to decide which one is better and suits your purpose.
Cost
As mentioned above, the cost of fiber components has seen a decrease recently. Once, the cost of optical cord was twice that of a copper wire. Now the cost difference is minimal. In fact, if we consider the overall cost, copper cable can get costlier. This is if we consider the cost of wiring closet. This includes cost of uninterrupted power source, data ground and HAVC (Hybrid Automatic Voltage Control). Overall, an all fiber LAN is more cost efficient than a copper-based network.
Bandwidth
Copper is sufficient for voice signals. Even though it has a limited bandwidth of up to 60Gbps. Fiber cords are capable to provide 1000 times as much bandwidth as copper. It can also travel for a longer distance in lesser time. In simple terms, a 500-meter fiber wire can transmit 1GHz. Whereas, a twisted pair copper wire (Cat 6) can transmit 500Mhz just up to 100 meters. Moreover, the signal loss is negligible in an optical cable. Copper has higher losses at higher frequencies. It is also noisy.
Transmission Speed & Distance
This is literally the battle between photons and electrons! Photons do not achieve 100% efficiency in achieving the speed of light. But, even with 31% slow speed, it is much faster than the speed of electrons. You cannot overlook the significant difference which exists between fiber and copper. Moreover, copper wires also have the limitation of 100 meters. This is not the case with fiber cables. In optics, the distance can range from 550 meters for 10 Gbps single mode and up to 40 Kms for multi-mode!
Reliability
Fiber optics is not susceptible to damages from the surrounding environment. Copper has the trait of losing quality over certain distance under conditions. In fact, if we use a fiber optic cable over the same distance, under the same condition, it would provide you reliable data transmission. Moreover, fiber is immune to environmental and climatic factors. Temperature variation or any electromagnetic variation will not tarnish its performance. Copper is sensitive to these factors. You can deploy fiber optic cables near industrial equipment without worry. Likewise, you can also lay down fiber into deep oceans.
Security
One can trap the electrical signals from the copper cable. In addition, it also radiates signals. If someone traps the signals, the entire system can fail. On damages, it gets difficult to identify the leakages. In case of a fiber wire, detection of a broken wire is easier. This is because several monitoring techniques are in practice for detecting its flaws. Copper wire can cause a short circuit which can even result in a fire.
Conclusion
The usage of fiber cable with its ever reducing cost and other advantages is making it future proof. Increase in bandwidth, ridiculous increase in transmission speed and many more features make it better and reliable medium for networking. It is one of the most significant mediums for innovative installations and upgrades.

Why Should You Invest into Superior Quality Fiber Optic Cables?

When it comes to having a robust network infrastructure, Fiber Optic cables are the best choice. And if you have zeroed upon this choice, it is important that you undertake the task properly. If the cables are mediocre and cheap, they are sure to give troubles like faulty performance, hazardous environment, and low performance.
Hence, you must invest into superior quality fiber optic cables. Below given are the reasons as to why you should do so:
Offer Fast Connections
Slow internet speeds are one of the biggest issues that people face. This majorly happens they tend to lose signals due to poor quality cables. If you keep using mediocre quality cables, the network speeds are sure to suffer. Moreover, you might lose customers and as they might look out for other service providers.
At places like US, the fiber optic patch cords are faster and more reliable than other broadbands. This ensures data transmission without any glitches and enabling you to stream internet smoothly. Sometimes, the quality of speed does depend on the type of connection. But in most cases, these cables rarely fail.
Protect Your Equipment
Let’s say you conduct a network performance test to figure out that your server is outdated. And let’s say you invested into a new one. But the problem still persists. Well, if you keep using low quality cables, they will lead to dB and power loss resulting into slow network that damages your equipment in a long run.
A good quality cable will ensure that your network remains intact and keeps away from potential threats. One of the major benefits of these cables is that they do not pose a fire hazard or produce EMI. Due to these reasons, your equipment will never get damaged.
Make More Space
If the cables and racks are unkempt, they will take up a lot of space in your data center. This will lead you into making an expansion and spending finances over it. The best part about fiber optic cables is that you can optimize them for space and include other equipment in that space.
When it comes to installing the fiber cables, one needs to follow some basic guidelines. It includes supporting the cable and not over bending it. All these cables have a minimum threshold for bend radius. If you do not go above these values or press against edges during installation, you will never have issues pertaining to space.
Enhanced Communication
“Hello! Can you hear me? Your voice is trailing off!” This is a usual common saga when the network connections are weak. Result? Business losses and difficult relationships. Through good quality fiber optic cables, you can render uninterrupted data, voice, and video communications. All you need to do is find the right fiber optic system and install it in the right way.
Remember, nobody likes data loss and dropped signals that lead to miscommunication. Once you install the cables, make sure that your network is running at the desired speed and in a glitch free manner. If you are a cable expert, you are good to go. If not, you can always seek advice from professionals. They might charge a minor fee for the same and some more on the installation services.
Inclusion And Adoption Of Fiber Cables
Every company wants to ensure that their data keeps secure and safe. And it is difficult and illegal to hack or cut the cables. This is why businesses don’t share details about their network connections with others. Exclusive fiber connections make the data safe, secure and better as compared to copper cables.
fiber-mart.com Cable is one of the most popular names in the USA when it comes to buying multimode/single mode duplex fiber optic connectors and cables online. Apart from fiber optic patch cords, we also provide ethernet cables, USB cables, power cords as well as other PC accessories.
Find out more about our products on our website. ISO 9001-2000 registered manufacturers make most of our products and hence, you do not have to worry about their quality. What more could you ask for? Get in touch with us now!

Know the Right Time to Adopt Fiber Optic Technology

Fiber optic cables are capable of supporting most of the world’s internet telephone system, and cable television. They contain strands of glass fibers inside an insulated case. They support the long distance, high performing data, and telecommunications operations. These cables are capable to provide higher bandwidth which can transfer data over longer distances in a matter of minutes.
Throughout the years when fiber cables faced a revolutionary period, it became a bit tricky to consider the situations where you need to adopt these cables. Let’s go through a list of considerations which help you to decide when is the correct time to upgrade to fiber optic cables.
New Projects:
If you have your networking system built under copper system, it makes more sense to stick to the existing system. But there comes one point when it might become more cost effective to use fiber. At this juncture, a cost-benefit analysis helps you determine when to use fiber optic cable. Therefore, whenever there is a big new project just around the corner, it is wise to invest in installing a fiber system.
When Hurricane Sandy came, it damaged decade old copper cables due to water intake. Following to this natural disaster, New York City replaced its copper infrastructure with fiber. The investment in fiber optics made much more sense when such natural calamity occurred which reduced the performance quality. Service providers like Verizon chose to upgrade to fiber to ensure longevity, reliable internet access, and better service.
If you are the owner of a building and thinking about upgrading to Fiber optic technology then the building tenant’s requirements can give you a proper idea about the right time. If they want to use the new and renovated technology for the long term, a fiber investment may help them. Otherwise, keeping the future requirements in mind if you go with a new copper system, it might need a replacement in the near future itself.
Building Type And Application
When you look to successfully implement a fiber networking system, it is important to understand the venue first. You must consider the following things:
The usage of cable
Is cable going to stay outside and/or in between buildings
Does this venue support large crowds like sports stadium?
Are you going to use wireless frequently?
Number of connections
One of the important things from the above points is to look at the number of connections. The reason behind this is the small cross-sectional area of the fiber, a total number of cables and connections you can place together could be greater than a copper system.
Large User Base:
Overall internet speed and usage is dependent on the number of users who are going to use this service. Moreover, it depends on the usage of each individual. If we consider the past records, big market players like Apple, Facebook, and Google were the heavy users of fiber because they have a large number of employees with devices and the amount of data transfer that took place every day. If we consider today’s scenario, products like high-rise hotels, university campuses and corporate offices might experience similar needs.
In such cases, one common thing is a large number of users are involved. You can anticipate that each of them at least brings two devices together, for instance, one laptop and a smartphone which would demand high-quality connectivity.
The main reason is that at these places for example campuses, there will be real-time lectures, access to assignments, and submissions. At hotels, a wireless connection would be the number one demand of guests. They would need to stream content, upload photos online and access other public networks. On the other side, employees would be in constant communication with onsite and remote staff via online calls and video connections. Hence, places where there is a large number of users involved, there is a likely scenario that users access cloud services all day to receive and send large files.
Future Proof Your Networks
Fiber Optic Technology is a great technology for large bandwidth usage. At present most of the fiber bandwidth does not have any limitations by cables. That means that it doesn’t matter which type of new fiber optic electronics come into the market you can always utilize them at their best with these cables installed.
Summing it up…
Fiber optic technology has replaced traditionally used copper cables in most of the industries. Plus, their prices have also decreased in the past years. When you see that there is no sign of slowing down the bandwidth and capacity needs, people might get such questions where they want to know when is the right time to invest in fiber optic systems. The above mentioned instance describes almost all the situations where they need to adopt fiber optic options. If you still have questions about their usage, let us know. We would be happy to help!