what Fiber to the x (FTTX) means?

Fiber to the X is a term used to described any broadband network that uses optical fiber to provide all or a part of the local loop used for last mile telecommunications.  Fiber optic cables are able to carry much more data than copper cables that are actually used in almost every connection.
Fiber optics work better especially over long distances, copper telephone networks built in the 20th century are now being replaced by fiber optic cables.
FTTX is arranged into two groups: FTTP/FTTH/FTTB (Fiber laid all the way to the premises/home/building) and FTTC/N (fiber laid to the cabinet/node, with copper wires completing the connection).
The telecommunications industry has several types of FTTX, they most used of this types of fiber, in The terms of most widespread use today are:
FTTP : This term means “fiber to the premises” and is used either as a blanket term for both FTTH and FTTB, or where the fiber network includes both homes and small businesses.
FTTH : FTTH means “fiber to the home” and this type of fiber reaches the limits of the living space, such as a box on the outside wall of a home. Passive optical networks and point-to-point Ethernet are architectures that deliver triple-play services over FTTH networks directly from an operator’s central office.
FTTB : This term means “fiber to the building”. We call FTTB to the fiber that reaches the building or a place such as the basement in a multi-dwelling unit, with the final connection to the individual living space being made via alternative means, similar to the curb or pole technologies.
FTTD : This type of fiber means “fiber to the desktop”. This term is used when the fiber optical connection is installed from the main computer room to a terminal or fiber media converter near the user’s desk.
FTTO : FTTO means “fiber to the office”.  We use this term when the fiber connection is installed from the main computer room/core switch to a special mini-switch (called FTTO Switch) located at the user´s workplace or service points.
FTTE / FTTZ: FTTE means “fiber to the telecom enclosure and FTTZ means “fiber to the zone”. This types of fiber are not considered part of the FTTX group of technologies, despite the similarity in name.
FTTF: This fiber means “fiber to the frontpage” and this type of connection are very similar to FTTB. In a fiber to the front yard scenario, each fiber node serves a single subscriber. This allows for multi-gigabit speeds using XG-fast technology. The fiber node may be reverse-powered by the subscriber modem.
FTTdp: FTTdp means “fiber to the distribution point” and  is very similar to FTTC / FTTN types of fiber but is one-step close again moving the end of the fiber to within meters of the boundary of the customers premises in last junction possible junction box known as the “distribution point” this allows for near-gigabit speeds
FTTN / FTTLA: This types of fiber are called “fiber to the node, neighborhood or last amplifier”.  It’s called FTTN or FTTLA when the fiber optic connection is terminated in a street cabinet, possibly miles away from the customer premises, with the final connections being copper. FTTN is often an interim step toward full FTTH (fiber-to-the-home) and is typically used to deliver ‘advanced’ triple-play telecommunications services.
FTTC / FTTK : This fiber means “fiber to the curb, kerb, closet or cabinet” and this connections are very similar to FTTN, but the street cabinet or pole is closer to the user’s premises, typically within 1,000 feet (300 m), within range for high-bandwidth copper technologies such as wired ethernet or IEEE 1901 power line networking and wireless Wi-Fi technology.
To promote consistency, especially when comparing FTTH penetration rates between countries, the three FTTH Councils of Europe, North America, and Asia-Pacific agreed upon definitions for FTTH and FTTB in 2006, with an update in 2009, 2011 and another in 2015. The FTTH Councils do not have formal definitions for FTTC and FTTN.
Fiber is often said to be “future-proof” because the data rate of the connection is usually limited by the terminal equipment rather than the fiber, permitting substantial speed improvements by equipment upgrades before the fiber itself must be upgraded.
Still, the type and length of employed fibers chosen, e.g. multimode vs. single-mode, are critical for applicability for future connections of over 1 Gbit/s.
FTTC (where fiber transitions to copper in a street cabinet) is generally too far from the users for standard ethernet configurations over existing copper cabling. They generally use very-high-bit-rate digital subscriber line (VDSL) at downstream rates of 80 Mbit/s, but this falls extremely quickly over a distance of 100 metres.

WHAT IS FTTX OR FIBER TO THE X?

by http://www.fiber-mart.com

“Fiber to the X” sounds like something really big, like to the “Nth degree.” It is one of the reasons that around 20,000 professionals plan to meet up at CommunicAsia June 26 – 28, 2018 in Singapore to gather info and develop business around it. FTTX is a situation in which all available optical fiber topologies from a telecommunications or cable carrier point to its customers. This is based on (not outside) the location of the fiber termination point. FTTC and FTTN (curb and neighborhood) are similar because the fiber ends outside the building.
Whereas, FTTC and FTTN (curb and neighborhood) are a little different. The fiber, in these cases, ends outside a building, not inside the building. FTTH and FTTP (home and premises) mean the same. FTTE (enclosure) refers to a junction box on a floor or in a department in a bigger facility.
FTTX, FTTH and FTTP are a must-have because of individuals’ and organizations’ increasing appetite for network, network and more network. The number of voice, image and video files shared on networks is bigger than ever and will continue to increase.
FTTx offers a huge amount of bandwidth to meet today’s needs better than ever. It lines up well with the triple play of voice, video and data and now people expect a converged multi-play services environment with huge bandwidth requirements. Apps and services like Hulu, Pluto, Amazon Alexa, WhatsApp, GoDaddy (web hosting, ISP, and DID number provider) and Zoom.us as well as, in general VOIP, RF video, online gaming that enables video and voice while playing, cyber security, and smart everything are depend upon FTTx networks.

8 Steps to a Successful Network Cable Infrastructure

by http://www.fiber-mart.com

In our last blog post we covered the use of balanced STP (Shielded Twisted Pair) and UTP (Unshielded Twisted Pair) to minimize the effects of RFI (Radio Frequency Interference) and EMI (Electromagnetic Interference), along with crosstalk that can take place between wire pairs carrying dissimilar data.
Because STP is not as common in today’s networked environment,we’ll reference this discussion on UTP only. We’ll also look at some of the basic issues with respect to the proper installation of UTP, such as Category5e, 6, 6e, and 7. This blog article builds on the information contained in our recent blog articles so be sure to have them handy if you need to review.
When we speak of installation with regards to UTP, we’re concerned with the potential for physical changes. Preserving the integrity of our cable(s) will give our network the stability and ongoing support it needs to maintain data rates of 1 Gbps (Cat5e) to 10 Gbps (Cat6, 6e, and 7).
The first place to begin in our effort to avoid problems is in how we install them.
Remove the cable from the spool or pullbox carefully to avoid twisting and kinking. Either one can change the outer dimension of the cable as well as how the conductors twist around one another within it. Kinks can flatten the cable, thus altering its electrical properties. This can adversely affect performance.
Feed cable trays, sleeves, and conduits with care to avoid damaging the outer sheath. Lack of care can also scrape the insulation from one or more conductors within the jacket causing potential short circuits.
Be sure not to pull Cat5e, 6, 6e, or 7 with more than 25 lb. of  pulling force for every 4-pair. To exceed this pull force has the potential to change the inter capacitance and inductive properties of the cable twists which can change the way it transports data. It also can snap conductors within it, in which case wire pairs may have to be substituted or a new cable installed.
Do not exceed a bend radius of 4 x the cable OD (outer dimension). For a  4-pair UTP cable, 10 x the cable OD for a 25-pair backbone cable. Tighter bends can and often will cause changes in the outer dimension of the cable thus causing it to change how it transports data.
Maintain the tight twist of a UTP cable right up to the point of termination at the jack or plug assembly. This will assist in your effort to maintain the rated specification of the cable.
When horizontally hanging UTP cable,maintain a maximum of 4 ft. between hangers. Cable sag should be maintained from 4 to 12 inches. When cable sag exceeds 12 inches, there’s a strong chance that the distance between hangers is greater than 4 in. If cable sag is less than 4 inches, it could indicate that the cable may be pulled too tightly.
When working in return air returns(plenum spaces), use plenum-rated cable because the insulation will not support a flame nor will it emit toxic fumes in the presence of one. Regular non-plenum UTP cable, however, is flammable and it will spread the fire when exposed to it. In addition, it will emit toxic fumes when it burns, and that can cause injury and death.
When binding cable bundles with wireties, do not pull them too tight as it will pinch the outer cable sheath thus causing potential problems with effective bandwidth and data transmission rates. We will continue to drill down into the installation and care of network cable in my next blog post. Thank you for taking the time to visit our blog.

WHAT IS FIBER-TO-THE-x (FTTx)?

by http://www.fiber-mart.com

FTTx is a generic term used to refer to various types of broadband networks making use of fiber optic cables to deliver communications signals to subscribers at high speeds. These fiber optic cables are able to deliver more data across greater distances than traditional copper wires. Below, we’ll delve into some of the most common types of FTTx:
Fiber-to-the-home
Fiber-to-the-home (FTTH) involves the use of optical fiber to deliver a signal from operator’s equipment to an individual home or unit, greatly increasing connection speeds for broadband networks. Single-Family Units (SFUs), MDUs, and businesses can all benefit from FTTH, as internet, voice, and video services are able to operate with much higher speeds and efficiency.
Fiber-to-the-building
FTTB (fiber-to-the-building or basement) uses fiber cable to deliver communications signals to a central area in shared working or living properties. Other types of cabling, such as twisted pair, wireless, or coaxial, are then used to convey the signal to the individual SFUs, offices, or other spaces within the shared property.
Fiber-to-the-premises
The term FTTP (fiber-to-the-premises) is used as a general way to refer to high-speed connectivity optical fiber run into a subscriber’s home from a central location. FTTP can be used to reference either FTTH or FTTB fiber optic connections.
Fiber-to-the-node
FTTN (fiber-to-the-node or neighborhood) makes use of a fiber cable carrying a shared connection to a common network box, or cabinet, in order to serve an entire neighborhood. This may be used to reach hundreds of different customers, usually within a mile radius, who then individually connect to the cabinet with other types of cabling, such as twisted pair wiring.
Fiber-to-the-curb
FTTC (fiber-to-the-curb or cabinet) refers to the process in which an optical fiber cable is installed directly at the “curb” — a general term that can be used to refer to any common platform, such as a communications shed — to reach multiple subscribers. The signal generally stops within 1,000 feet of each individual customer. FTTC provides faster broadband speeds than telephone lines can.
Fiber-to-the-telecom enclosure
FTTE (fiber-to-the-telecom enclosure), sometimes called fiber-to-the-zone (FTTZ), is a standards-compliant, extremely cost-effective cabling method used in common spaces; long link lengths of fiber cable are extended from main equipment rooms (ER) to telecommunications rooms (TR) without the need for splices.
Fiber-to-the-distribution point
Similar to FTTC and FTTN, FTTdp (fiber-to-the-distribution point) delivers fiber to a distribution point in a specified area and then uses existing copper connections to serve individual units without actually entering them. This allows for a much more cost-efficient solution than FTTP methods.
Fiber-to-the-antenna
Describes the process of using fiber to feed wireless services, such as various cellular distribution devices. As wireless speeds increase, fiber is increasingly needed to provide the bandwidth necessary for these devices.