Aquaseal- the Industry’s Original Water Resistant Cable

With the communication industry consistently growing, it is best to be prepared for any environmental factors. From direct sunlight factors to wet locations, a reliable connection cannot afford to be overlooked.

For those locations; the industry’s original water resistant, water blocking low-voltage cable- Aquaseal cable, has become the recognized name for indoor/outdoor applications.

What is considered a Wet Location?

Wet locations occur in areas where direct burial in the ground, in conduit that is located below grade or any time the cable is passing through the concrete slab. These are areas where water, humidity or liquid saturation is possible- regions that are regularly exposed to the elements.

So how does it work?

Aquaseal low-voltage cable consists of a 2-ply tape on the inner shielded pairs which is virtually impenetrable. As well as a .025 inch sunlight resistant and moisture resistant jacket. Aquaseal contains this material, so when the water penetrates the cable, the 2-ply tape expands to protect the cables and connections.

Advantage of West Penn Wire’s Aquaseal cable versus the competitor:

2-ply tape material immediately expands to absorb any type of moisture to 10 mm within the first minute
Expands to 12 mm after ten minutes
Each cable contains the maximum amount of tapes.
Competitors: 1-sided ply tape allows for water to immerse through the cable and won’t flush it out.
Why is Aquaseal the better choice?

A single ply tape has the potential to wash away, while 2-ply tape contains and maintains the absorption rate at a particular point and the communications will not be interrupted.

What is the difference between In-conduit (AQC) and Direct Burial (AQ):

In-conduit (AQC): Any low-voltage cable with a gauge size of less than 18 will not pass the UL crush test, therefore these types of cables are required to be put into conduit if they will be installed in the ground.
Direct Burial (AQ): A nylon coating is extruded (not hydroscopic) over the PVC compound. This makes the conductors abrasive and resistant to water passing through it. Most PVCs are hydroscopic and will let water filter through it to help with other electrical and mechanical factors. The nylon also acts as a stiffening agent and will not allow the conductors to crush one another during the crush test procedure (Direct Burial test).

What are the benefits of Aquaseal & Wet Location Cables?

by http://www.fiber-mart.comIn some situations, where moisture or direct sunlight may be an issue, you need more than a standard Low Voltage Cable. Those situations are tailor made for West Penn Wire’s line of Aquaseal cables. Aquaseal has a strong history of use for applications where you need to run cable from one building to another either via direct burial or in-condiut and with Aquaseal there is no need to transition once you go back inside as they are suitable for both outdoor and indoor applications. As with all of the quality cables from West Penn Wire; the Aquaseal line maintains the full host of applicable UL ratings.  1) How do I use these cables? Good Question. Aquaseal Low voltage cables can be run from one building to another or inside of the same building whenever there is the potential for a wet environment. Aquaseal can be run via either direct burial (AQ Line) or inside conduit (AQC Line) – to suit the particulars of your installation.  2. What are the benefit to these cables? Aquaseal cables have a water blocking 2-ply tape and a jacket that resists sunlight and moisture. This allows the cables to expand within the jacket with an exceptional swell height, making the cable ideally suited for any type of wet location signal transmission.  They hold a (SAP) Super Absorbent Polymer to soak up and trap any type of water that could affect the cable and have maximum tape for more protection.   3. What can these cables be used for? Aquseal cables are available in more than 40 constructions to meet any specific requirements.  Access controlAudioCommunicationsFire Alarm Systems IntercomVideo 4) What is the difference between AQC and AQ cables? AQ products are for direct burial applications while AQC cables are used for any in-conduit application. 

Advantages of Fiber Optics Cables vs. Copper Cables

by http://www.fiber-mart.comFiber Optic Cable are composed of fine hair-like glass fibers and messages are transmitted by sending light beams down the thin strands of glass through a shielded cable. Fiber Optics Cables are comprised of three main areas: 1) Core: Designed as the light carrier of the optical fiber. It is made from a doped glass(Silica).The silica material of the core allows the light signals to be carried efficiently and effectively across the fiber. 2) Cladding: It is made up from a different type of silica and surrounds the core. The glass of the cladding is made to contain the light within the core. 3) Plastic Coating: This piece surrounds the Cladding and acts as a protector for the glass. It is normally clear (color), but for all Outdoor cables the coating is color coded to help identify the individual fibers. The coating has to be removed to connect the fiber to a connector or splice. Bandwidth Investing in Fiber Optic Cables can significantly increase any businesses bandwidth compared to the transmission of data over the standard Copper Cable. The high frequency ranges they are able to carry exceed even the highest frequencies of any standard copper wire. Also, the speed of messages does not decrease as more demands are added onto the network when using Fiber Optics. Security Due to the higher demand for secure connections Fiber Optics Cables are a cost-effective way of adding an additional layer of security to any business. Copper Cables can easily be accessed by connecting taps to any line to pick up on the electronic signals, however, tapping Fiber Optics Cables is much more difficult.  Energy Efficient The light waves that are transmitted through glass or plastic threads (fibers) use much less energy than data signals sent through metal conductors of Copper Cables. Easy Installations/Testing Fiber Optics Cables provide a light weight variation thus, makes terminating the cables more simplified. Also, testing a Fiber Optic Cable is as easy as sending a beam of light from one end to the other. In order to make installations easier for Fiber Optics, West Penn Wire also provides cabling, installation kits, fiber optics assemblies, fiber optics cassettes and cable management solution. Weight and Strength Fiber Optic Cable is also designed to be much thinner and lighter with pull tensions being much greater than those of most Copper Cables. For Example: 6-Fiber Cable: 300 lbs.RG6 Coaxial Cable: 55 lbs.Category 5E Cable: 25 lbs.Variety of Applications: Fiber Optics is also available for numerous applications, which are included but not limited to: TelecommunicationHigh bandwidth DataVideo signalingLong distance CCTVCommunication between fire alarm panelsand much more!

Fiber Optic Connectors and Termination Videos

by http://www.fiber-mart.comFiber Optic connectors are definitely distinctive compared to the traditional copper cable connectors. Instead of the metal-to-metal contact, fiber optic connectors need to align microscopic glass fibers in order for the communication data to carry efficiently.  Each connector contains three key components: Ferrule, Connector Body and Coupling Mechanism. The ferrule is the thin structure that holds the glass fiber in place and they are generally made of ceramic, metal or plastic. The connector body is what holds the ferrule in place and allows it to attach to the members within the cable fiber. A coupling mechanism which essentially holds the connector while it is linked to another device. It may contain a clip or bayonet nut depending on the connector type.  Now, let’s look at some popular connectors and what they are used for within networking applications: SC Connector-(also known as the square connector) this type of connector contains a push-pull motion, snap-in connector with a spring loaded 2.5 mm ceramic ferrule to hold a single fiber. This connector is also the second most popular connector due to its method of maintaining applications. It can be used with either single-mode or multimode fiber optic cabling. LC Connector- this connector uses a 1.255 mm ferrule (half the size of the SC) and contains the standard ceramic ferrule. This connector is also a push-pull connector (similar to the SC) and utilizes a latch locking tab and can easily be terminated. ST Connector- (also known as a straight tip connector) this connector contains rounds ceramic ferrule, with bayonet mount locking features,enclosing a twist lock and a 2.5 mm keyed ferrule. This type of connector can be used with either single-mode or multimode fiber optic cabling. 

Fiber Optic Cable Basics- Cable Construction

by http://www.fiber-mart.comFiber optic cable has the ability to provide any business with safe, fast installations with higher bandwidth frequencies. In order to understand what fiber optic cable can do for your business or home, it’s important to understand the basic construction. Core- this is the very center of the cable and the light is guided down through by light transmission. The core is a single strand of glass that is measured in microns (µm). The larger the core, the more light the cable can carry. Sizes of the core: 8μm (8.3 or 9μm) Single Mode50μm – Mulit-mode62.5μm – Multi-modeCladding- this is a thin layer of glass that surrounds the core and serves to contain the light within the core. The cladding has a different index of refraction than the core so the light waves that are re-directed back into the core allow for continuous light transmission within the fiber. Size of the cladding:125 µm.Coating- This surrounds the cladding and acts as a protector for the glass. The coating is normally clear, but for all Outdoor cables the coating is color coded to help identify the individual fibers. This needs to be removed to connect the fiber to the connector or splice. Size of coating:250µmJacket- the cable jacket works along with the fibers to provide strength, signal integrity and overall protection of the fiber. There a variety of jacket materials that are used in the fiber cable construction. Environmental parameters that need to be considered upon installation are: temperature, chemical reaction, sunlight, mechanical and abrasion resistance.  If you would like to learn more about the benefit to fiber optic cable compared to copper cables, click this link to be transferred to another blog post to view more.  Fiber optic cable can be used for many applications such as: telecommunications, high bandwidth data, video signaling, long distance CCTV, communication between fire alarm panels and much more!

Importance of Reestablishing Fiber Connections Effectively

by http://www.fiber-mart.comFiber Optic cables offer a business many benefits for safe, fast installations with higher bandwidth frequencies. Fiber optic cables provide extreme pull tensions up to 600 lbs and a bend radius equal to coax cables.  If loss of fiber does occur it can result in disrupted communications and negative effects to local businesses. Review the steps below in order to repair any tainted connections quickly and effectively. Making a plan of how to respond to any cable failure is a great idea. Have questions answered ahead of time such as: Do we have the proper equipment if a loss occurs? Who will have proper training and materials to fix the issue? How will we know if the issue occurs? How quickly do we want to be able to resolve any issues? Important Factors to Restoring a proper connection effectively 1) Documentation- Producing accurate documentation during the installation process and making updates is critical. Start with manufacturer data/tech sheets, review every component and contact for quick restoration. Example: Having a record of how the fibers were installed as well as photos/drawings to quickly locate where the problem lies.  2) Proper Testing Equipment- To troubleshoot any connection start at the receiver and measure the optical power of the cable. If power levels are showing correctly the transmitter is properly working and the fiber within the cable has not be tainted. However, if the power is bad then there could be an error within the transmitter.  If all fibers are at total failure then the cable has either been broken, split or cut in some way. To determine this use a  laser light beam to show visibly where the cable has been damaged. Once the issue is located remove at least 10 m from either side of the cable break and test the remaining length for damage. Prep the cable and splice the fibers together to restore critical service as a short-term fix and have the system shut down at a later date to permanently fix the damaged cables. 3) Repair- Fixing the damaged cable requires proper tools and trained technicians. Tooling will include splicing and termination. Generally, cut cables can be spliced or reinstalled if there is an excessive cable that was kept from the initial install. To make sure your fibers are installed correctly, review our complete field fiber kit to ensure proper installation.  West Penn Wire’s Complete Field Kit Includes:  Field Clever VFL Visual Fault Locator with Adapter cords (FI-4283) Fiber Stripper (FI-3151) Support Handle with Adapters (FI-4289) Tweezers Scissors Safety Glasses Waste Bottle Installation Guide Refurbishing materials