Before we even go there—you may already be wondering what a fiber optic cable is. Chances are you’ve heard the term before. But what is it?
Fiber optics refer to a method of transmitting information and data through pulses of light along glass or plastic fibers to a receiver. This method is far more efficient and can transmit large amounts of information very quickly—much more than your average copper wire. Fiber optics also cut down on electromagnetic interference, establishing a stronger, more reliable connection.
However, high-speed internet and long-distance calls aren’t the only mediums seeing upgrades; computer systems are also getting ‘hooked up.’ BlackBox.com brings the benefits:
Fiber optics service higher bandwidth than copper wires—and can even deliver performance of up to 10 Gbps—that’s tens of billions of “bits” per second! Imagine the magnitude and speed of data transmission that could serve you and your business.
Speed and Distance
Fiber optic signals are able to travel a thousand feet and upward of 25 miles using a single-mode cable. Distance and speed may vary depending on a given cable, however, they are much greater than that of copper. And because fiber optics carry light, little to no signal is lost during transmission of data.
Not only are fiber optic cables faster and more efficient, but they are extremely difficult to tap or tamper with, ensuring higher security for your network. When a fiber cable is cut or tapped, it will leak light, which will cause the system to completely shut down, so you will know it firsthand if something is suspicious.
Immunity and Reliability
Fiber provides extremely reliable data transmission. It’s completely immune to many environmental factors that affect copper cable. The core is made of glass, which is an insulator, so no electric current can flow through. It’s immune to electrometric interference and radio-frequency interference (EMI/RFI), crosstalk, impedance problems, and more. You can run fiber cable next to industrial equipment without worry. Fiber is also less susceptible to temperature fluctuations than copper and can be submerged in water.
A standout feature of fiber optics is resistance to environmental factors. A fiber optic cable can run underwater or near large industrial equipment without interference or hazard. Because the cables are mostly made of glass fibers, no electrical currents can be conducted. Optics are also immune to EMI and RFI interference—providing you with the most reliable connection possible.
Fiber is lightweight, thin, and more durable than copper cable. To get higher speeds using copper cable, you need to use a higher grade of cable, which typically have larger outside diameters, weigh more, and take up more space in cable trays. With fiber cable, there is very little different in diameter or weight. Plus, fiber optic cable has pulling specifications that are up to 10 times greater than copper cable, depending on the specific cable. Its small size makes it easier to handle, and it takes up much less space in cabling ducts. And, fiber is easier to test than copper cable.
Fiber optics are also cheaper to produce and to purchase, compared to traditional copper wires. The overall price for cables, components, and hardware has declined over the years as its popularity has been on the incline. What more do you need to consider?